Aquascape Common Questions (FAQ)

We've gathered the most commonly asked questions about Aquascape. If your question isn't answered here, you may also contact us with any questions you may have.

Aquascape Product Questions

What sizes are Aquascape pond kits available in?

Aquascape Pond Kits are available in the sizes 4’x6’, 6’x8’, 8’x11’, 11’x16’ and 21’x26’.

What is a Pondless Waterfall?

A Pondless Waterfall is a re-circulating waterfall and/or stream that is not attached to a pond. They allow for enjoyment of the sight and sound of running water without the commitment of a pond. Aquascape Pondless Waterfalls are great options for individuals who desire something safer, smaller, less expensive, and more flexible than a traditional pond.

Do you need a filter on a Pondless Waterfall?

No, because Aquascape Pondless Waterfalls do not contain fish and therefore do not need the amount of biological filtration that a fish pond does. There will be enough biological filtration that occurs from the rocks or gravel throughout the waterfall, stream and water storage basin.

What does a pond aerator do?

Pond aerators increase the oxygen levels in a pond, which is essential for creating a healthy ecosystem for pond fish and other pond life. Overall, the benefits of aeration include enhancement of pond fish habitats, water quality improvement, algae and phosphorus removal, breakdown of bacteria, removal of pond odors and help with mosquito issues. Aquascape offers three different types of pond aerators: Pond Aerator 2-Outlet, Pond Aerator 4-Outlet and Pond Aerator Pro 60. To choose the right aerator, simply check the capacity of the aerator in relation to the size of your pond.

What is a biological filter?

Biological filters add beneficial bacteria to water gardens, which break down and remove waste like ammonia, nitrogen, decaying plant debris and fish waste. An Aquascape BioFalls filter is a biological filter that is needed to properly maintain a water garden. Traditional biological filters on the market are difficult to hide and can be a distracting eyesore, but Aquascape BioFalls filters can be buried into the ground and covered by aquatic plants or stones for a complete camouflage into the landscape. There are three available Aquascape Signature Series BioFalls Filters: the 1000 BioFalls Filter - 2” Bulkhead, the 2500 BioFalls Filter - 2” Bulkhead and the BioFalls Filter 6000 With Bulkhead.

What size pump do I need for my Aquascape pond?

To determine what size pump your pond requires you must first determine the flow requirements you wish to achieve. The general rule is that you need 1,500 gallons per hour (GPH) per foot of waterfall spillway. Next, determine the total head needed for the project by totaling the number of feet from the top of the waterfall to the water’s surface. Last, select the proper pipe diameter for the flow rate of the pump. Once you know these three pieces of information, then you can simply choose a pump that is rated for your ponds characteristics. Also keep in mind that the easiest way to choose the right size pump would be to use an Aquascape Pond Kit or Aquascape Pondless Waterfall Kit that already includes the correct pump for your project.

What type of oil do I use in my Aquascape pump?

AquascapePRO (SFA) Pumps require Dielectric Oil. A common brand is Mobil DTE Oil Light.

Tsurumi PL & PN Series Pumps:

AquaSurge Pumps, Ultra Pumps, and Statuary Pumps do not require any oil.

How much does it cost a month to operate an Aquascape pump?

The average amount is about $18-25 per month, but cost will vary due to pump style, pump size and area electricity rates.

Can Aquascape pumps be used in saltwater?

No. Aquascape pumps can be used in ponds treated with pond salt, but cannot be used in aquariums or pools of saltwater.

Does Aquascape offer external pumps?

No, Aquascape does not currently have any external pumps because their filters are designed for use with submersible pumps.

What size liner do I need for my Aquascape pond?

First, measure the length and width of the water feature. Then, add in the depth of the pond twice. For example, a pond that is 11 feet long, 16 feet wide and 2 feet deep will require liner that is 15x20 feet.

How many lights can I put on a Transformer?

It is recommended that you do not exceed 80 percent of the listed wattage on the transformer.

What are pond fish?

Koi fish are the most common type of fish found in ponds, but goldfish are also a viable option. The goldfish used in outdoor ponds are the same ones you find at a pet store or in a tank in your home, which is why they can be a great starter fish. There are plenty of other fish that may be content in your pond (some native to your area) like minnows, mosquito fish, carp, and game fish.

How do I add fish to a new pond?

Before adding fish to a new or cleaned out pond it is best to wait a minimum of 72 hours for the water chemistry and temperature of the pond to stabilize. When it is time to begin adding fish to the pond, be sure you build the population slowly. Start by only adding a few fish at first and waiting a week or two before adding in a few more. Continue this process until you have added all the pond fish you desire.

How many types of fish food does Aquascape offer?

Aquascape offers four different formulas of fish food: Premium Cold Water Fish Food Pellets, Premium Staple Fish Food Pellets, Premium Color Enhancing Fish Food Pellets and Premium Flake Fish Food. In addition to fish food, Aquascape also offers Koi Krunchies, which acts as an occasional supplement to aid in overall fish health.

What makes Aquascape fish food better than other fish food?

All Aquascape pellet fish foods contain probiotics that aid in digestion, so fish utilize nutrients and proteins consumed, optimize food conversion ratios and reduce waste. Aquascape fish foods are also packaged in high-quality mylar pouches that protect food from being damaged by light and oxygen. Overall, Aquascape fish food provides the best value because it contains probiotics, stabilized vitamins and comes in quality packaging.

Do Aquascape Water Treatments Expire?

Yes, so it is important to store water treatments correctly and check the expiration date displayed on the packaging. Water treatments should be stored in a cool dry place and never be left outside by the pond between treatments. Although the shelf life will vary by product, typically dry water treatments have longer shelf lives than liquid treatments.

Aquascape Installation Questions

How do I install an Aquascape Pond Kit?

Aquascape Pond Kits require all necessary components for a successful pond installation. Learn how easy it is to install a pond using one of these kits by watching the video below.

How do I install an Aquascape Pondless Waterfall Kit?

Aquascape Pondless Waterfall Kits come with everything needed to create a beautiful cascading waterfall. Learn how easily you can install one of these products by watching the video below.

How do I install an Aquascape Fountain Kit?

Aquascape Fountain Kits contain all necessary components for installing a beautiful water fountain. The video below demonstrates how easily one of these beautiful fountains can be installed in just a few hours.

How do I install an Aquascape Mini Fountain Kit?

Aquascape Mini Fountain Kits contain all necessary components for installing a beautiful water fountain. The video below demonstrates how easily one of these beautiful fountains can be installed in just a few hours.

How do I install an Aquascape Water Feature?

An Aquascape Decorative Water Feature is the perfect beginning to adding a splash of water to your landscape. The video below demonstrates how easily one of these beautiful water features can be installed in just a few hours.

Aquascape Maintenance Questions

How often do I clean my pond filter pads?

Aquascape Biofalls Filter Pads and Microfalls Filter Pads only need to be cleaned once a year, which is typically done as part of the spring pond cleanout. Cleaning the filter pads more than once annually kills off beneficial bacteria and can be harmful to the ponds ecosystem.

When do I replace pond filter pads?

Filter pads should be replaced when they begin to fall apart when being handled. Skimmer filter pads typically last one or two years, and Aquascape Biofalls Filter Pads and Microfalls Filter Pads last about two to three years before needing replacement.

How do I calculate gallons of water in my stream or Pondless Waterfall?

To calculate the gallons of water in a stream:

  • Measure the length, width, and depth of the stream and then use the following formula:

(Length x Width x .25 (Depth) x 7.48) = Gallons of water in stream

  • For example, if your waterfall has a length of 10ft, width of 3ft, and depth of .5 inches, then the calculation would be: 10 x 3 (.25 x .5) x 7.48 = 28.05 gallons

To calculate the gallons of water in a Pondless Waterfall:

  • If a waterfall is created with stone, use the following calculation:

Length x Width x Depth x 2.2 = Gallons in the Basin

  • If waterfall is created with a Large Matrix:

Length x Width x Depth / 4.3 = Number of matrix used, Number of matrix used x 32 = Gallons in the Basin

  • If waterfall is created with a Small Matrix:

Length x Width x Depth / 2.3 = Number of matrix used, Number of matrix used x 17 = Gallons in the Basin

How do I repot and fertilize a pond plant?

Aquatic plants are essential for maintaining a balanced ecosystem in your pond. Learn how to easily repot and fertilize your aquatic plants by watching the video below.

How often do I need to feed pond fish?

It is recommended that koi, goldfish, and other pond fish are to be fed twice a day, with no more food than they can consume within 30 seconds. If fish are in cooler water (65-70°F) then they should only be fed once per day, and if they are in warmer water (76-82°F) they should be fed 2-3 times (never exceeding 3 times per day). When temperatures drop below 55°F then it is okay to stop feeding fish altogether.

How do I prepare my Aquascape pond in Spring?

Spring is typically the best time of year to perform a pond cleanout because pond water temperature has not yet reached over 55°F.

How do I maintain my Aquascape pond in Summer?

Summer is when water becomes much warmer, which means the water will not hold oxygen well. Fish can become stressed by this and you may see them gasping for air. Adding an Aquascape Pond Aerator, AquaForce Pump or Aquascape Fountain to the pond will solve this problem by adding more oxygen into the pond water. Summer is also a time to watch for debris on top of your pond and to be cautious when using algaecide. It is easier for leaves or other debris to decay in warmer temperatures and a sudden death of algae can consume large amounts of oxygen.

What should I do to my Aquascape pond in Fall?

When the leaves begin to change colors, it is time to put a pond net over your water feature. Aquascape Protective Pond Netting will decrease clean-up maintenance by allowing for a simple removement of the debris. Additional fall pond care can involve refraining from fertilizing aquatic plants as the water gets cooler and pruning off any of their dead leaves. If the pond has fish, then fall is a good time to transition them to cold water fish food and then stop feeding them all together when the water temperature reaches 55°F. If you live in cooler climates where water surfaces freeze, then fall may be the time you also consider whether you wish to keep your pond running or shut it down for the upcoming winter season.

What should I do with my Aquascape pond in winter?

  • If you plan on shutting your pond down in winter, then unplug and remove your pump and check valve from the water.
  • If you plan on keeping your pond running in winter and have fish, then oxygenate the water by placing a small recirculating pump that bubbles at the water surface. Unless you are in an area of extremely low temperatures, then the pump should also keep an open hole in the ice to allow for the gas exchange needed for fish survival. If your area does experience long periods of extremely low temperatures, then also add a floating de-icer into your pond. An Aquascape Pond De-Icer is controlled by a thermostat and will only run when the water temperature is below freezing. If you have a waterfall, then you can also choose to keep that running by regularly adding water to it and making sure ice dams do not form. The extra effort put in to keep the waterfall running will be rewarded by beautiful ice formations and patterns around the falls and streambeds.

What do I do with my Aquascape Pondless Waterfall in winter?

  • If you plan on shutting your Pondless Waterfall down in winter, then unplug and remove your pump and check valve from the water. Next, clean the pump and store it in a frost-free location (garage or basement) submerged in a bucket of water.
  • If you plan on keeping your Pondless Waterfall running in winter, then you will need to regularly add water to it and make sure ice dams do not form. The extra effort put in to keep the waterfall running will be rewarded by beautiful ice formations and patterns around the falls and streambeds.

What water treatments do I use to clean out my pond if I have fish?

The new water being added to the pond will need to be treated with Aquascape Pond Detoxifier to remove any tap or well water toxins. Then, Aquascape Beneficial Bacteria will need to be added throughout the season to prevent problems and maintain the balanced ecosystem. Aquascape Beneficial Bacteria is guaranteed to fit the needs of your pond because it is available in four forms: Dry Beneficial Bacteria, Liquid Beneficial Bacteria, Cold Water Beneficial Bacteria and Beneficial Bacteria Bubble Tabs .